Midi 製作

Sonar 編曲與錄音

Sonar Settings

Record MIDI tracks from MIDI instruments

Use loop recording

Use punch recording



Opening a Project File

Convert system file into .mid file, if any

Track View

t Hide or show the Track/Bus Inspector

Press <i> on your keyboard.


Click any track, then + <F>

Set up tracks


Output to Synth-Track with External Audio Interface

You may choose midi solo track(s) output to synth track(TTS-1), and the [S] of the synth track will be automatically on.

The synth track must be input from TTS-1(or other synths) and output to the audio interface (or sound card).

Output to Synth-Midi Device

All midi tracks output to Yamaha. Track 4 is an example.

Editing tracks

Loop/ Audio Shuttle


Envelope and Automation

Midi Effect

Right click >Insert Effects

>Midi Effects

Choose a plug-in.

Reverb is the most useful choice.


Control Group

Right click on a control (fader, pan...etc.)


Select a specific color for each group.


Quick Group

Select the striper on the up left corner of the track to organize quick group.

<Ctrl> and <Shift> are also applicable.

Quick Group 

Then, go to the 'Console View".

Sonar will make them into same group (red).


Staff View

Use double arrows icon to show/hide staffs.

Click 'Trim duration' to display correct notes.

This view does not provide 'silence' notes, you got use the position to decide the silences.

It will be confused as follows, if 'Full duration' is on.

Staff View is for minor modifications, it is not recommended for composing.

Piano Roll View is better for deliberation.

Piano Roll View

The same icon for setting tracks.

Event Inspector

The Event Inspector toolbar is available from the View menu by selecting Views-Toolbars and checking Event Inspector in the Toolbars dialog. The Event Inspector has the following:

  • Time
  • Pitch
  • Velocity
  • Duration
  • Channel

To Display a Note's Properties in the Event Inspector Toolbar

  • Select a note.

If you select multiple notes, the Event Inspector toolbar displays the note value if all selected note values are the same. If the note values are different, the Event Inspector does not display anything.

To Change a Note's Properties Using the Event Inspector Toolbar

  1. Select a note.
  2. In the appropriate Event Inspector toolbar field, change the value. See the table below for a description of valid value entries for each field in the Event Inspector toolbar.



This setting is very useful for multiple notes sharing a same velocity. Then you may use "select" and "pencil" tools to modify each note.


Inline PRV

Click the "PRV Mode" icon will embed the PRV into Tack View

Bounce to Audio

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Music Aesthetics

Song Composition Theory

音樂知識美學 TX Aesthetics of Music
  音樂格律的破立    Music Grammars & Creativity
  譜曲的美學探索   Case Study on TX Music Aesthetics
Composition Theory and
Melody Analysis of Songs
歌曲賞析 Comparative Analysis of Songs
歌劇賞析:莫札特 Analysis of Operas: Mozart
歌詞創作 Verse Analysis and Composition



音樂要素/藝術與科技 Aspects of Music: Art vs. Tech
MIDI要素 Aspects of MIDI
基礎樂理 Music Grammar Basics
總譜:軟體與音源 Score of the Music: Overture and Synth
  Overture 記譜法‧頻道視窗設定     Digital Notation Methods‧Tracks Windows Settings 
  圖形視窗/琴軸檢視   Graphic Window/ Piano Roll View
  和弦視窗與和弦設定     Chords Window and Chord Input 
  歌詞視窗   Lyrics Window
  發音技巧   Articulations



Form Design
  多樂章曲式   Multi Movement Forms
  範例分析:給愛麗絲    Exam: Fur Elise  
和聲:共鳴與自然音階 Acoustic Music and Natural Scales
  調律與數位音階   Temperament and Digital Scales
  調與調式音階   Keys, Modes and Modal Scales
  顯波學與癒療音階   Cymatics, Kymatica and Medicinal  Scale
  藍調與特色調式音階   Blues and Genre Modes
  和弦分析   Chord Analysis
  代理/轉位/人聲和弦   Substitute, Inversed, Human Chords
  和弦進行提要   Chord Progression Design
  終止型與級進進行   Cadence and Stepwise Progression 
  大調/小調和弦進行   Major/ Minor Mode Chord Progression
  轉調‧藍調和弦進行   Modulation, Blues, Modal Chord Progression
  名曲和弦進行示範   Demos of Popular Works
  全曲和弦進行綜合設計與實作    Total Chord Progression Design and Practice 
  對位    Counterpoint Design
節奏/4拍 Rhythm Analysis and Design/ 4-Beat
   3拍/2拍/混合拍   3-Beat, 2-Beat, Fusion 
  節奏模組,節奏動感搖梗    Rhythm Patterns, Groove Rhythm 
  全曲節奏綜合設計與實作   Total Rhythm Design and Practice 
配器 Instrument Arrangement
  數位樂器   Digital Instruments
  音階樂器與 GM   Melodic Instruments and GM Patches
  打擊樂器與 GM   Percussion and General MIDI Patches
   TX 結構意涵取向配器法   TX Structural-Contextual Approach Instrumentation 
  創意配器:民族樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Ethnic
  創意配器:中華樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Chinese
  創意配器:中華現代樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Modern Chinese
  創意配器:演化樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Evolving
  創意配器:變身樂器   Creative Instrumentation: Transforming
  人聲樂器:聲樂   Vocal Instrumentation
  人聲樂器的變化   Variants of Vocal/ Human Voices
  全曲配器綜合設計與實作    Total Instrumentation Design and Practice 
襯音、即興與變奏 Fill in and ad lib Design
編曲收成與輔奏 Finishing up: Prelude, Interlude, Postlude
  編曲收成與輔奏綜合設計與實作    Total Finishing up Design and Practice
變格作曲與變格編曲 Alternative Composition Theory and Arrangement Methods 
演奏/創意與詮釋 Performance/Creative & Interpretive
音樂流派的知識分類法 Methodology for Genres Taxonomy
流派-音樂分佈圖/展示 Genre- Music Map/Demo

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MIDI Production

Sonar 設定 Sonar Settings
錄音與後製-Midi Midi Editing & Post Production- Midi Notes
合成/轉化/輸出音軌 Bounce and Export
錄音與後製-數位聲音 Wave Editing & Post Production- Digital Audio
混音自動化 Mixing and Automation
等化與雜訊處理 Equalization
特效 Special Effect Featuring
總控與輸出 Mastering and Converting Output


Demo & Exercise

統雄作品選 Selection of Sean TX Wu's Work
相逢 Encounter
媽媽的愛心 Mother's Love




Music and Culture, Science, Information Technology
音樂創作研究科學方法 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition
音樂創作知識管理 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition by Information Technology


Digital Sound Effect

光碟標籤與包裝設計 Design of CD's Label and Package


Lab and Activities

臺大數位音樂實驗室 NTU Midi Lab
   實驗室發展歷程    Chronicle of NTU Midi Lab
吳統雄數位音樂 研究目錄 Listing of Research Papers by Sean TX Wu
吳統雄數位音樂作品目錄 Listing of Digital Music Works by Sean TX Wu