Sonar 設定

Why Sonar?

A choice of value ratio (Rating/ Price).


Set up MIDI devices

Midi signals need to output to a synth to produce sounds.

There are two types of synths:

Stand-alone: such as Yamaha, Roland Canvas, MS GS...,that work on the OS of computers.

Plug-in: such as TTS-1, and other VSTi, DXi..., that require a host application such as a sequencer to run it.

note Device with External Audio Card

note Device without External Audio Card

>Options >Midi Devices

In this case, you need to output to a stand-alone synth.

Yamaha XG is a stand-alone SoftSynth, not a plug-in synth.


>Options >Instruments

I leave it default, supposed it is Yamaha XG

Audio Options

>Options >Audio...


SoundMAX is my Audio card

note For CD quality and web use

note For Professional postproduction use ONLY

However, it is not supported by most of PC sound cards, this setting may cause problems.

TxWarn Warning: Sampling Rate

If the audio engine stops running, set the sampling rate back to "44100"- It is very tricky!

The 'System Wave" files have to be 44.1k rate, however, it is OK to "export" 48k rate wave files.

Check '64-bit' for high performance PC.

Wave Profiler

TX advanced topics Advanced

note Higher PC performance and with external audio interface

note Lower PC performance


Project Options


Midi Output


User Interface

Arrangement of toolbars

Command Menu


Default is the best choice. If the menu is changed by system, come back here to redo.

However, you may use 'Menu Editor' to personalize your own menu.

Using Soft Synths

Insert Synths

It will automatically produce a synth track at the bottom.


First output is a simple way. All midi tracks go to one synth to output audio.

You may use folder and all (4) outputs.

Synths Page (View)

>System >Option

Set Up Output

Choose synths at the 'Output' at first track

Quick procedure for all tracks:

Cursor stays at 'Output'

- + <Down Arrow> (goes to the next, automatically)

- + <Enter> (open manu)

- choose synth

Bank/ Patch

Click 'Bank' or use 'Track Properties' to set up bank, otherwise, it will be default 'none'.

You may use:

>Insert > Bank/Patch Change

to change to another bank in the middle of a track.

It is the same for patch.

Vst/Dxi: Experience and Comments

Session Drummer

Much real. However, it is not so solid/firm after mastering.

Series of "Room" produce more echo, while "Dry" in on the contrarary.

Windows Volume Control

A very tricky setting.


The volume of playback must be under 50 %.


I use Overture (a score software) to compose midi files.
Then I import midi files into Sonar to mix it and output it to Yamaha XG and want Sonar converts the midi tracks to audio track.
So, I use SoundMAX to record the output from the Yamaha.

The volume of playback must be under 25 %.

If no playback

The OS may close the 'SW Synth' automatically.

txa Advanced Resources 

回頁首 Up to page head 至相關主題 Go to related pages
上一頁 Back to previous page 回頁首 Up to page head 下一頁 Go to nex page  
請點這裡看所有留言分類 Please click here to view categories of comments

臺大數位音樂實驗室 NTU Midi Lab
臺大數位音樂實驗室發展歷程 Chronicle of NTU Midi Lab
Aspects of Music/Digital Music 音樂與數位音樂要素
基礎樂理 Music Grammar Basics
Aspects of MIDI /Midi 的要素
Digital Music Score 數位樂譜與打譜軟體 Overture 應用
數位樂譜 Overture 記譜法 Digital Notation Methods‧頻道視窗設定 Tracks Windows Settings
Overture Graphic Window/ View- Overture的圖形檢視
Overture 的和弦視窗與和弦設定 Overture's Chords Window and Chord Input
Overture Lyric Window- Overture 的歌詞視窗
Articulations 樂器發音技巧
歌曲創作理論與弦律分析 Composition Theory and Melody Analysis of Songs
歌曲的賞析 Analysis of Songs: A Comparative Approach
歌劇賞析 莫札特的三大歌劇代表作 Comments on Best Operas of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
歌詞的分析與創作 Lyrics Analysis and Songwriting
Form Design 曲式分析與設計
Multi Movement Forms 多樂章曲式
和聲與和弦_自然和聲:共鳴樂音與自然音階 Natural Harmony:  Acoustic Music and Natural Scales
和聲與和弦_人為和聲:調律與數位音階 Artificial Harmony: Temperament and Digital Scales
顯波學.波心學.癒療音樂音階_和聲與和弦 Cymatics, Kymatica and Medicinal Music Scale_Harmony and Chord
和聲與和弦_調‧調式‧調式音階 Keys, Modes and Modal Scales
和聲與和弦_藍調音階‧特色調式音階 Blues Scales and Genre Modal Scales
和弦分類、和弦組成、和弦功能分析_和聲與和弦 Chord Categories, Compositions and Chord Functions Analysis
代理和弦、轉位和弦、人聲和弦_和聲與和弦分析 Substitute Chords, Inversed Chords, Human Chords in Choir
Chord Progression Design: A Brief Epitomization 和弦進行集大成提要_和聲與和弦進行設計
和弦終止型‧級進式和弦進行‧出發和弦_和弦進行設計 Cadence, Stepwise Progression and Starting Chords
大調與小調和弦進行_和弦進行設計 Major Mode Chord Progression and Minor Mode Chord Progression
轉調、藍調、調式音階和弦進行_和弦進行設計 Modulation, Blues Mode and Modal Scales Chord Progression
名曲和弦進行示範與解說_和弦進行設計 Chord Progression Design and Analysis with Popular Works
全曲和弦進行綜合設計與實作_和弦進行設計 Total Chord Progression Design and Practice
Counterpoint Design 對位設計
節奏四拍子類_節奏意涵與類別_節奏分析與設計 Rhythm's Context and Genres: 4 Beat Series_Rhythm
節奏三拍子,二拍子節奏家族,混合節奏, 3 Beat, 2 Beat, Fusion
節奏模組,節奏的動感搖梗_節奏意涵與類別_節奏分析與設計 Rhythm Patterns, Groove Rhythm
全曲節奏綜合設計與實作_節奏分析與設計 Total Rhythm Design and Practice_Rhythm Analysis & Design
Instrument Arrangement 配器法:樂器與樂團類型_傳統與數位樂器整合分析
GM 打擊樂器音色與配器法
TX 配器法分析與設計:結構意涵取向法 Structural-Contextual Approach Method
創意配器_GM民族樂器‧跨文化樂器 Creative Instrumentation: Ethnic and Cross-cultural Instruments
中華民族樂器_跨文化創意配器法 Chinese Ethnic Instruments_ Cross-cultural and Creative Instrumentation
創意配器_演化樂器 Creative Instrumentation: Evolving Instruments
創意配器_變身樂器‧非樂器 Creative Instrumentation: Transforming and Non-instrumental Instruments
聲樂_人聲樂器 Vocal Instrumentation_Human Voices as Instruments
人聲樂器的變化_聲樂 Variants of Vocal/ Human Voices_Vocal Instrumentation
全曲配器綜合設計與實作 Total Instrumentation Design and Practice
襯音、即興與變奏 Fill in and ad lib Design
Finishing a Song up: Prelude, Interlude, Postlude, Extra Sub-Episodes 編曲收成與輔奏:前奏、間奏、尾聲、與插曲演奏
編曲收成與輔奏 綜合設計與實作 Total Finishing up Design and Practice
變格作曲與變格編曲_音樂創作理論與弦律分析 Alternative Composition Theory, Arrangement Methods and Melody Analysis of Songs
演奏:創意與詮釋的演奏 Performance: Creative and Interpretive Performance
Sonar Setup
Midi Editing
Bounce and Export
Wave/Digital Audio Editing
Mixing & Automation
總控 Mastering
Exercise: Encounter
音樂創作的科學研究方法 Scientific Research Methods in Music Composition
音樂創作研究的知識管理 Knowledge Management in Music Composition and Research